To rise; to ascend; to rise in rank.
Harmony, unity, to join, coming together, unification,or become one with. The word carries the feeling of the strength and power of naturalforces.
is the active principle of Aikido.
(love) The spirit of love is the spirit of harmony. Not selfish, limited affection for a particular person or group, but all-embracing, compassionate love for all things.
Ai – Hanmi
Mutual stance, harmonious stance. When both partners have the same foot forward.
Blending of ki. Universal life energy, the creative principle of life. All elements of the universe arise through the blending of positive and negative ki; practitioners of Aikido attempt to harmonize their ki with both that of their partner and that of the larger environment.
The Way of Divine Harmony, The Way of Harmonizing Engergies.
One who practices Aikijujitsu.
– ken Aikido sword techniques.
Aiki no kurai
The secret of Aiki, the highest consciousnessof Aiki.
Head; top; brains.
A strike to an opening. The defensive blow used toneutralize the ki of your partner.
Atemi technique(s). Specifically, the first section of kata of 17 techniques used in competition
Wooden six foot staff. Stick; club; rod.
Wooden practice sword.
Martial ardor. In Aikido, Bu signifies valor and indomitable spirit, not contention and strife. Aikido is the ultimate expression of Bu, which originally meant to prevent two weapons from coming together. To stop weapons. To stop war. The Chinese character for bu literally means, “To stop a spear.”
Martial ways. Ways. Ways originating in the martialarts. The way of the warrior arts, but the deeper meaning is the way of the protection of society, of strength and honor in peace. “A mind to serve for the peace of all human beings is needed in Aikido, and not the mind of one who wishes to be strong and practices only to fell an opponent. There are neither opponents or enemies for true budo. Therefore, winning and losing, is not true budo. True budo knows no defeat. Never defeated means never fighting.
One who practices budo.
The Way of the Warrior. Warrior’s code.
Wisdom,intelligence. Blood. Earth.
Strength, might, power, force.
Chi no kokyu
(the breath of earth) The second stage of breath-meditation.
Chokusen no irimi
(direct entry) The irimi technique in which one enters directly behind one’s parter.
A traditional system of Aikijutsu. The Daito in Daito-ryu does not mean Long Sword. It was the name of the castle of the founder of Aiki-jujitsu, Lord Shinra Saburo Yoshimitsu.
Aikido rank, grade holder, black belt rank.
Advanced foot sweep.
Student, pupit disciple.
The Way. In Japan, any art that is practiced to develop both technical and spiritual maturity is considered a ‘do’. They are a Ways to harmonize body and mind.
A cut to the side.
Grasps to the dogi.
The place where the Way is revealed. A place for strengthening and refinement of body, mind, and spirit.
Term used for the head of the dojo; dojo leader.
You’re welcome; don’t mention it.
– very; much; rather; quite.
Same rank, status, ect.
Do no tanden
Middle body training.
, grab, grasp. To control.
Please; as in, “Go ahead.”
i Elbow strike.
En no irimi
Lapel; neck; neckband; collar.
Fudo no kamai
Immovable posture. Sitting or standing, one must always be in an immovable posture. Not rigid but unperturbable.
Calf of the leg.
To miss (lose) one’s footing.
To stand one’s ground, remain.
Outside; side. (soto gawa = outside; uchi gawa = inside).
(lower level) Sword or hands held at a lower level.
Low level block.
Alternative pronunciation of Keiko, practice.
White training uniform.
Fifth of the pinning techniques of traditional aikijujitsu.
Secret; secret principles.
I’m sorry; forgive me.
Go no sen
After uke’s attack.
Self defense method.
Wheel. To spin, as one would a wheel.
dori Reverse grip.
Gyakute dori-kote hineri Nikko, kote-mawashi,
reverse grip kote hineri.
Traditional pleated pants worn by samurai and kobudo students.
To speak, talk, converse; to tell.
i Spring hip-throw.
The basic triangular stance of Aikido.
Tori is kneeling and opponent attacks from a standing position.
Tori is sitting cross legged and opponent attacks from a standing position.
Eight directions. All directions.
One’s center. Center of ki. The lower abdomen – two inches below the navel. The physical and spiritual center of the life energy.
Sweeping loin throw.
Lifting foot sweep.
Harigaya Usai Sekiun
A renowned seventeenth century swordsman.
Sword held level and hands at shoulder level.
Beginning one technique then switching to another – combination.
To the left.
Hiji mochi no tsukuri
Technique structure of grasping of the arm with both hands (kansetsu waza).
Spear. One of the component elements in the kanjibu.
Prefix denoting: true; proper; original.
The intemational headquarters of a particular style of martial art, the head dojo.
A form of crouching.
Breath. Iki refers more to the physical act of respiration,while kokyu signifies the deeper cosmological aspects of breathing.
Same as Ikkyo.
The first movement, first principle. Number one pinning technique.
Rush matting. Grass matting.
Moving into and through the line of attack with no thought of escape. Technique of entering and choosing death.
Jin no kokyu
The breath of human beings. The third stage of breath meditation.
Free style practice.
Free fighting or sparring.
Five foot wooden staff.
Upper level. Sword or hands held at an upper level.
Upper level block.
Jo taking. Techniques for disarming an opponent armed with a jo.
Crossed hands choke.
Crossed arms throw. A throw executed when one’s partner’s arms are crossed at right angles.
Reversal techniques, counters.
Dance of the gods.
Master’s certificate. The final license awarded according to the classical martial art teaching system.
Open and turn. To revolve or rotate. Turning of the body.
Bear hug from behind.
A posture or stance of readiness. There are many different stances, and with each stance there are different positions for the hands or weapon: the Jodan/High position, Chudan/Middle position, Gedan/Low position.
God(s), deity, divine spirit, holy inspiration, guardianangel, exalted human being. The Japanese conception of kami has no direct parallel in Western religious terminology. Kami-sama was the Founder’s expression for the Ultimate Principle of the universe.
Four quarter hold.
Chinese characters, ideographs.
Punch to the face.
Empty hand fighting.
Hold or lock, as in “wakigatame”.
waza Grappling techniques.
Japanese sword; blade. Medium length long sword. Customarily worn in a scabbard with the cutting edge up, the scabbard thrust through a sash at the hip. When the sword is attached to the sash with a connecting cord and worn with the cutting edge down, it is called a tachi (long sword). The long sword may also be referred to as a shinken (real blade) to distinguish it from the bokken. (see shi)
A single hand.
Held by one hand. Wrist grab(s).
Grasp with both hands to one wrist.
Victory at the speed of light.
The modern art of Japanese fencing.
sword techniques. Aikido techniques performed while holding a sword.
Diagonal cut across the body.
Kick to the gut.
Vital energy. The life-stuff of the universe, has no English equivalent. An essential element of all aspects of oriental culture, be they philosophy, medicine,art, physical training. The full significance of ki only becomes clear through first handexperience.
Full of ki. On the physical plane, kiai is manifested as a piercing shout emanating from the depths of one’s being; on the spiritual plane, it is manifested as a steady outpouring of vital energy.
A lock using nerve centers.
Linking ki. To be linked to the ki of anotherperson or thing is to be in kimusube, a fertile state that fosters new life. When the ki of a man and the ki of a woman comes together in kimusube, a new being is created.
To cut upward. To slash upward.
To stand at attention, heels together, toes at 45 degrees.
Classical Japanese martial arts.
Spirit, heart, or mind. Essence.
i Back stance.
Power of breath and life force; the coordinationof ki flow and breathing.
Breath meditation. A special set of meditationand development techniques aimed at calming the spirit and establishing true kokyu.
Breath throw(s). A particular throw which topples the opponent by using his own momentum and the timing of one’s own mind and body, but without any pressure being applied to his joints.
Traditional, Old way or Ancient way.
Koryu Goshin no Kata Dai San kata
; Old fashion kata; 55-hon yudansha kata. Old way of self defense.
Koryu Goshin Aikijujitsu
Ancient or old way of self defense where the practitioner blends their body movements and energy with their opponents in order to subdue and injure. An injured opponent will not return to attack again.
Minor hand. Forearm & Wrist.
Wrist turn out throw.
Wrist turn in throw.
An opponent’s strangle hold.
Paired sword practice in which both partners begin with their swords already drawn. Sword against Sword.
Secret, consciousness, inner being.
To control another’s consciousness.
Breaking balance, breaking posture.
Grades preceding yudansha rank. White belt grades.
The distance of time and space between uke and tori. The movement of mind, the stream of spirit and the direction in which mind and spirit move, along with the physical distance, determines the balance and proper use of space. (Combative distance) The proper interval between two partners; it varies according to the height of the
practitioners and whether or not they are holding weapons.
The period following the arrival of Admiral Perry, in which Japan began the process of modernization.
Teacher’s certificate. The third license granted according the classical martial art teaching system.
Right (the direction).
One of Japan’s greatest and most renowned swordsmen, author of ‘The Book of Five Rings’.
To grasp of hold with the hand(s).
Held by two hands.
two hands on one.
One lapel grab from the front.
i Thrust or punch to the middle of the torso.
No mind; a mind without ego. A mind like a mirror which reflects and does not judge or anticipate actions.
Harmonious connection, unity, ultimately our unity with all life and with the universe. Opposites are but different images of the same reality.
is the process of their unification. It is the movement of the spiral. Knot.
A throw; the person who throws.
Inside or middle grab. Grab to the sleeve.
Same as Nikkyo.
Number two pinning technique of traditional Aikido. A technique that uses wrist torque to control the opponentts center.
Particle denoting: pertaining to; of.
Big or major.
Belt (part of the gi)
Major hip throw.
To the front, in front of.
Please do it for (with) me. Said to someone to invite them to practice with you.
Hold down. Pin. Pressing
Major external reaping. A judo throw.
Floating type of drop. A judo throw.
Free fighting with resistance. Multiple attack practice. To control chaos.
Etiquette, courtesy. Bow.
Prefix denoting: both; two.
Both hand grab–i.e. grabbing someone using both of your own hands.
Two-hand grab (either two hands grabbing one hand or two hands grabbing two hands).
Both hands grabbed from the front.
Style or school of practice, as in “Daito-ryu jujutsu”.
A member of the feudal knightly class in Old Japan. Literally, “one who serves”.
Same as Sankyo.
Number three pinning technique of traditional Aikido. Controls partner’s center through the wrist and elbow. Also know as kote hineri.
Vital force. The vital force that enlivens the universe. The energy which emanates from the tip of a sword.
Traditional Japanese manner of sitting with one’s knees folded under.
Attack. Start an attack slightly before your opponent.
Teacher, one who gives guidance along the way, one who goes before.
Bow to the teacher.
Sen-sen no sen
Sensing and preparing for your opponent’s attack before your opponent moves or perhaps even knows his manner of attack.
Four. Also can denote death or deadly. Yo; yon; yottsu.
Contest. Unfettered competition is contrary to the spirit of Aikido; if duels were allowed they would likely be “death matches”, since Aikido techniques, if applied recklessly, can be fatal. Professor Tomiki Kenji selected and modified for safety seventeen techniques that could safely be used in regulated competition. This form of competition, or shiai, is refereed by a head umpire and two assistant umpires. In individual matches, each player generally goes two minutes as torii and two minutes as uke. In team matches (five persons per team), each shiai is a minute and a half.
Title for Aikido teacher with typically the rank of third Dan.
Title for a master teacher who has been ranked usually to the grade of Fifth Dan or higher.
Designated representative(s) of a shihan.
Four directions. Four corners.
(four directions cut) A basic Aikijujitsu sword movement.
Four directions respect. A Shinto rite employed by the Japanese Emperor to express his gratitude to the deities in all directions, the Founder interpreted shiho-giri as shiho-hai. That is, each cut symbolizes our respect and gratitude for (1) the Universe, (2) our parents, (3) nature, and (4) our fellow beings.
Four directions throw. The first pillar of Aikido throwing techniques. Also called Tenkai kote gaeshi and Junte dori kotegaeshi.
Death Angle. Standing to side and slightly behind an opponent. Like the blind spot on a car.
A lock. As in “kubi-shime” — choke on the neck
A split bamboo practice sword. Used in Kendo.
A live or sharpened steel sword.
Deep breathing exercise at the end of practice.
Natural standing position, with the legs parallel and feet shoulder width apart, the knees slightly bent, weight on the balls of the feet, backstraight and arms relaxed at the side.
First degree black belt rank.
The front of the head.
The Front of the dojo, specifically the shrine at the front of many dojos which houses a pictureof the Founder and by extension the spirit of Aikido.
Bow to the front.
Specifically, an empty hand strike to the front of the head with the blade of the hand. Direct blow to the head.
Knife hand. Tegatana.
Repetitions of a motion done in order to perfect performance. Training. Suburi is training as opposed to kumi tachi, which is study (keiko).
Techniques performed without allowing Uke to complete an attack.
Techniques beginning with both attacker and defender in formal sitting position, executed from the knees.
Longsword. When the sword is attached to the sash with a connecting cord and worn with the cutting edge facing down, it is called a tachi.
Sword taking. Techniques used to disarm an opponent armed with a sword.
Tai no tenkan
Body drop. A judo throw.
i Avoidance. Moving the body out of the way of an attack. In Aikido it should be free-flowing, natural, and prudent.
Inexhaustible Fount of Aiki. Unlimited creativity of Aikijujitsu.
Body drop, as in a tree falling down.
Grasps to the wrists.
Heaven and Earth. A common expression in Aikido; one should think of oneself as a miniature universe, rooted to the earth while reaching toward heaven. There is also a whole range of techniques called tenchi-nage, “Heaven and Earth Throws”.
Heaven and earth throw.
Turning under & between arm and body of uke.
Turning movement used to dissipate force.
A sliding step, advancing the feet while maintaining contact with the floor in a light shuffling motion. The feet do not cross each other.
A thrust or punch.
A live in student. A disciple who lives in the dojo and acts as a twenty-four hour trainee/attendant to a master.
Control of the center through the arm.
The one who receives the force, the person who is thrown.
The act of taking a fall when thrown. Can be either offensive of defensive.
Basic foot movements.
To the rear.
Ushiro ryokata dori
Shoulders grabbed from behind.
Ushiro tekubi dori
Both wrists grabbed from behind.
Bear hug from behind.
Rear techniques. Techniques applied when one is attacked from the rear.
To the side or lateral. Waki gamae refers to a position with the sword held out and back by the swordsman’s side.
Spear taking techniques. Techniques against a spear to grab the weapon away from the spearman.
Techniques using a spear.
Prepare; a command.
Term to denote the side of something or some body.
A cut to the side.
The side of the head or neck.
An empty hand strike to the side of the head or neck with the blade of the hand.
Fourth pinning technique of traditional Aikido. Controls the opponent’s center through his wrist, elbow, and shoulder.
Those who have achieved dan, or black belt, ranking in an art.
Unbroken concentration when finishing a technique. Zanshin is the follow through of a technique; one is connected to one’s partner even after the throw in an unbroken flow of ki, simultaneously ready to receive any new attack. Needed for the complete and continuous awareness of one’s surroundings.
Forward. Alternative spelling of Zempo.
Zenpo kaiten ukemi
Forward rolling breakfall.